Vowels and Dipthongs (2)

Thai has five tones      
1.     Mid. No marks normal tone      
2.     Low         ̀ lower than normal tone      
3.     Falling      ̂ goes up a little then drops
4.     High       ́   above normal/mid tone      
5.     Rising    ̆   sing the tone upwards  
           
           
VOWELS        
           
           
a       as in ha      
aa    as in ah      
  as in if      
ii    as in see      
  as in foot or put      
uu    as in mood      
oh    as in go      
  as in from      
or    as in aw      
eu    as in deux      
ae    as in cat but short in sound    
e         as in met      
eh       as in air but with no ‘r’ sound  
oe       as in ‘bird’ no ‘r’ sound    
           
DIPTHONGS        
Combinations of two or more vowels. The 
sounds are as indicated above, but run together
ia         mia    (mee-ah) wife
iu         hiu     (hew)   hungry
eua   reua   (rer-ah)    boat
ua         wua   (woo-ah) cow
ai         yai      (as in hi)             big
ao          mau   (mow)   drunk
ui         khui   (kooy)   to chat
oi         noi    (noy)             a little
oei        khoei  (ker-ay)         ever
euai   neaui  (ner-ay) tired
io         dio   (dee-oh)          alone
eho   leho   (lay-oh)                 bad
aeo   maeo            (mair-oh) cat
iau   niau   (nee-ow)           sticky

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